What is Overuse Syndrome?
Overuse syndrome is a disorder where a certain part of the body is damaged by repeatedly overusing it or subjecting it to too much stress.
For example, if you rely on your hands for your work, you are more prone to overuse injury of the arms.
What are the signs and symptoms?
Initially the area affected may feel fatigued, ache or tension; swelling, heat or redness in the area can also occur. If this fatigue is not resolved prior to your return to the activity, micro-trauma may occur, building up over time more serious syndromes can develop.
Weakness, numbness and or tingling in the extremities can occur as well as general aching or shooting pain.
Some common examples of overuse syndromes are:
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
IT Band Syndrome
Who gets over use syndrome?
Those who are prone to overuse syndrome are usually those involved in occupations that rely heavily on the use of hands or arms. Trades such as builders and electricians; check out or line production workers; typists. Some athletes may be prone to overuse syndrome in other areas of the body, and those with hobbies that require lots of ‘hand heavy’ work, such as knitting or crocheting,
How is it treated?
Most start with conservative treatments such as massage, physiotherapy and some stretching and strengthening exercises such as yoga or prescribed pilates.
At home treatments such as heat and cold therapies, rest, and the use of compression bandages can also help.
If conservative treatments are unsuccessful cortisone injections or surgery may be suggested.
Ideally, the best way to treat an overuse injury is to rest the affected area, and to discontinue the activity that is causing the injury. For some this may be impossible due to their work. The employment of an occupation therapist can be useful to help you change the way you operate and keep you working without pain or further injury.
Are there any complications?
It is always best to seek treatment as early as possible for an overuse injury. The longer an injury of this type goes on, the harder and longer it will take to heal. On-going injury can lead to tendon damage, calcification and spur build up, or cartilage damage, for example, all of which will require surgery to rectify.
How can I avoid getting over use syndrome?
Warming up and stretching before use. Before exercise and even before work, take some gentle exercise and stretching of the area.
Negotiating with your employer to change your routine work throughout the day. The less you repeat the same action, the less you are likely to cause injury.
Resting at the end of the day, to ensure any micro injuries heal before you next return to the activity.
Ensuring you are doing your activity with the best ergonomics possible. For example, ensuring your desk is set up for you.
How can remedial massage help?
Remedial massage will use various soft tissue manipulation techniques to relieve any muscle tension build up that could cause further complications from overuse.
Deep tissue massage improves circulation around micro-trauma in the muscle to speed up recovery. It also breaks down calcification build up that leads to spur development.
Cupping stretches the connective tissue surrounding the muscles, allowing for release of compartment tension and greater movement of muscles.
Dry needling alleviates trigger points in the muscles and referred pain that may have built up with overuse.
Stretches for arm overuse syndrome from “Stretching” by Bob and Jean Anderson